超全 ! 美国官方认证的422个 STEM专业大全!

2018年8月13日

责任编辑:曾懿萍

摘要:美国对STEM人才的一直都很重视!从2016年5月10日开始,“STEM专业OPT延期最终政策文件”正式生效,其中最值得关注的就是STEM专业的OPT从17个月延期到24个月,加上原有12个月的OPT时间,STEM专业学生OPT总共有36个月的时间!今天,我们就来聊聊在美国如此受重视的“STEM”。

美国对STEM人才的一直都很重视!从2016年5月10日开始,“STEM专业OPT延期最终政策文件”正式生效,其中最值得关注的就是STEM专业的OPT从17个月延期到24个月,加上原有12个月的OPT时间,STEM专业学生OPT总共有36个月的时间!今天,我们就来聊聊在美国如此受重视的“STEM”。

 

STEM

STEM由Science、Technology、Engineer和Mathematics的首字母组成,比如化工、计算机科学、物理、数学、航空航天之类的。并且根据文章开头提到的政策,在美国读STEM的毕业生将有36个月 的时间来找工作和申请H1B工作签证。在线咨询】  【立即评估

 

你适合STEM吗?

 

STEM专业大部分是理工科类的,所以国内与STEM 这些专业相对应的理工科学生都是比较适合申请的。整体而言,美国招收理科专业学生的数量是远远不及工科学生数量的。而在工科专业中,电子工程、计算机、机械工程是招生规模和申请人数最多的三个工科专业。而对于理科,虽然国内本科培养的理科专业人数也不少,例如生物专业,但由于该专业的学生在职业初期的薪水普遍非常低,薪水也反映了一定的供给和需求,所以国际生去美国读生物科学并不是一个非常理想的选择。

另一方面,文商科的学生有些专业也是在STEM大类下面。例如近些年比较热门的金融工程,金融数学,商业数据分析、信息管理系统,以及新加入STEM大类的经济学方面的计量经济学、数理经济学。这些一般都是商学院下开设的专业,在申请时也会招收文商科背景的学生,但大家可能都看出来,这部分专业虽然属于商科,往往都是对学生的数理背景、计算机能力有着很高的要求。所以文商科的学生想要申请美国STEM专业,可以以这些专业为跳板,同时要尽早提升自己数学和计算机方面的背景。在线咨询】  【立即评估

 

官方发布422个STEM专业

 

Acoustics

Actuarial Science

Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, General

Aerospace Ground Equipment Technology

Aerospace Physiology and Medicine

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical/Space Engineering

Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Breeding

Agricultural Animal Breeding

Agricultural Engineering

AgroEcology and Sustainable Agriculture

Agronomy and Crop Science

Air and Space Operational Art and Science

Air and Space Operations Technology

Air Science/Airpower Studies

Aircraft Armament Systems Technology

Algebra and Number Theory

Analysis and Functional Analysis

Analytical Chemistry

Anatomy

Animal Behavior and Ethology

Animal Genetics

Animal Health

Animal Nutrition

Animal Physiology

Animal Sciences, General

Animal Sciences, Other

AniMATion, InterACTive Technology, Video GrAPhics and SpeCIAl Effects

Applied Mathematics, General

Applied Mathematics, Other

Aquatic Biology/Limnology

Archeology

Architectural and Building Sciences/Technology

Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD

Architectural Engineering

Architectural Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

ArtifiCIAl Intelligence

Astronomy

Astronomy and Astrophysics, Other

Astrophysics

Atmospheric Chemistry and Climatology

Atmospheric Physics and Dynamics

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, General

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Other

Atomic/Molecular Physics

AutoMATion Engineer Technology/TechniCIAn

Automotive Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn[SITESERVER_PAGE]

Behavioral Sciences

BioChemical Engineering

Biochemistry

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Other

Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering

BioinforMATics

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Other

Biological and Physical Sciences

BioLogical/BioSystems Engineering

Biology TechniCIAn/Biotechnology Laboratory TechniCIAn

Biology/Biological Sciences, General

BioMathematics, BioinforMATics, and Computational Biology, Other

Biomedical Sciences, General

Biomedical Technology/TechniCIAn

Biometry/Biometrics

Biophysics

BioPsychology

BioStatistics

Biotechnology

Botany/Plant Biology

Botany/Plant Biology, Other

Business Statistics

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/TechniCIAn

Cardiovascular Science

Cell Biology and Anatomy

Cell Physiology

Cell/Cellular and Molecular Biology

Cell/Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences, Other

Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology

Ceramic Sciences and Engineering

Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Chemical Engineering, Other

Chemical Physics

Chemical Process Technology

Chemical Technology/TechniCIAn

Chemistry, General

Chemistry, Other

Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD

Civil Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Civil Engineering, General

Civil Engineering, Other

Clinical and Industrial Drug Development

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist

Cognitive Psychology and Psycholinguistics

Cognitive Science

Combat Systems Engineering

Command & Control (C, CI) Systems and Operations

Comparative Psychology

Computational and Applied Mathematics

Computational Biology

Computational Mathematics

Computational Science

Computer and Information Sciences, General

Computer and Information Sciences, Other

Computer and InforMATion Systems Security/InforMATion Assurance

Computer Engineering Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Computer Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Computer Engineering, General

Computer Engineering, Other

Computer Graphics

Computer Hardware Engineering

Computer Hardware Technology/TechniCIAn

Computer Programming, Other

Computer Programming, Specific APplications

Computer Programming, Vendor/Product Certification

Computer Programming/Programmer, General

Computer Science

Computer Software and Media APplications, Other

Computer Software Engineering

Computer Software Technology/TechniCIAn

Computer Support SpeCIAlist

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications

Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, Other

Condensed Matter and MATerials Physics

Conservation Biology

Construction Engineering

Construction Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Cyber/Computer Forensics and Counterterrorism

Cyber/Electronic Operations and Warfare

Cytotechnology/Cytotechnologist

Dairy Science

DATa Modeling/Warehousing and DATabase Administration

DATa Processing and DATa Processing Technology/TechniCIAn

Developmental and Child Psychology

Developmental Biology and Embryology  

Digital Communication and Media/Multimedia

Directed Energy Systems

Drafting and Design Technology/TechniCIAn, General

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Ecology

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Ecology, Evolution, SysteMATics and Population Biology, Other

Econometrics and Quantitative Economics

Educational Evaluation and Research

Educational Statistics and Research Methods

Educational/Instructional Technology

Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, Other

Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD

Electromechanical and Instrumentation and Maintenance Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Electromechanical Engineering

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology

Elementary Particle Physics

Endocrinology

Energy Management and Systems Technology/TechniCIAn

Engineering Acoustics

Engineering Chemistry

Engineering Design

Engineering Mechanics

Engineering Physics/Applied Physics

Engineering Science

Engineering Technologies and Engineering-Related Fields, Other

Engineering Technology, General

Engineering, General

Engineering, Other

Engineering/Industrial Management

Engineering-Related Fields, Other

Engineering-Related Technologies, Other

Entomology

Environmental Biology

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Control Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology

Environmental Health

Environmental Science

Environmental Studies

Environmental Toxicology

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering

Epidemiology

Evolutionary Biology

Exercise Physiology

Experimental Psychology

Explosive Ordinance/Bomb Disposal

Financial Mathematics

Food Science

Food Science and Technology, Other

Food Technology and Processing

Forensic Chemistry

Forensic Science and Technology

Forest Engineering

Forest Sciences and Biology

Genetics, General

Genetics, Other

Genome Sciences/Genomics

Geochemistry

Geochemistry and Petrology

GeogrAPhic InforMATion Science and Cartography

GeoLogical and EArth Sciences/Geosciences, Other

Geological/Geophysical Engineering

Geology/Earth Science, General

Geometry/Geometric Analysis

GeoPhysics and Seismology

Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering

Hazardous MATerials InforMATion Systems Technology/TechniCIAn

Hazardous MATerials Management and Waste Technology/TechniCIAn

Health/Medical Physics

Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Horticultural Science

Human Biology

Human Computer InterACTion

Human/Medical Genetics

Hydraulics and Fluid Power Technology/TechniCIAn

Hydrology and Water Resources Science

Immunology

Industrial and Physical Pharmacy and Cosmetic Sciences

Industrial Engineering

Industrial Production Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Industrial Radiologic Technology/TechniCIAn

Industrial Safety Technology/TechniCIAn

Industrial Technology/TechniCIAn

InforMATics

InforMATion Operations/Joint InforMATion Operations

Information Science/Studies

Information Technology

Information Technology Project Management

InforMATion/PsychoLogical Warfare and Military Media Relations

Inorganic Chemistry

Instrumentation Technology/TechniCIAn

Integrated Circuit Design

Intelligence, Command Control and InforMATion Operations, Other

Intelligence, General

Joint Command/Task Force (C, CI) Systems

Laser and Optical Engineering

Laser and Optical Technology/TechniCIAn

Livestock Management

Low-Observables and Stealth Technology

Management Science

Management Science and Quantitative Methods, Other

Manufacturing Engineering

Manufacturing Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Marine Biology and BioLogical OceanogrAPhy

Marine Sciences

MATerials Chemistry

Materials Engineering

Materials Science

Materials Sciences, Other

MATheMATical Biology

Mathematical Statistics and Probability

Mathematics and Computer Science

Mathematics and Statistics

Mathematics and Statistics, Other

Mathematics, General

Mathematics, Other

Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering Related Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/TechniCIAn

Mechatronics, Robotics, and AutoMATion Engineering

Medical Informatics

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology

Medical Scientist

Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgical Technology/TechniCIAn

Meteorology

Microbial and Eukaryotic Genetics

MicrobioLogical Sciences and Immunology, Other

Microbiology and Immunology

Microbiology, General

Military Applied Sciences, Other

Military InforMATion Systems Technology

Military Systems and Maintenance Technology, Other

Military Technologies and Applied Sciences, Other

Mining and Mineral Engineering

Mining and Petroleum Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Mining Technology/TechniCIAn

Missile and Space Systems Technology

Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation

Molecular Biochemistry

Molecular Biology

Molecular Biophysics

Molecular Genetics

Molecular Medicine

Molecular Pharmacology

Molecular Physiology

Molecular Toxicology

Munitions Systems/Ordinance Technology

Mycology[SITESERVER_PAGE]

Nanotechnology

Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmacognosy

Natural Resources Conservation and Research, Other

Natural Resources/Conservation, General

Natural Sciences

Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering

Naval Science and Operational Studies

Network and System Administration/Administrator

Neuroanatomy

Neurobiology and Anatomy

Neurobiology and Behavior

Neurobiology and Neurosciences, Other

NeuroPharmacology

Neuroscience

Nuclear and Industrial RadioLogic Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Nuclear Engineering

Nuclear Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Nuclear Physics

Nuclear/Nuclear Power Technology/TechniCIAn

Nutrition Sciences

Occupational Safety and Health Technology/TechniCIAn

Ocean Engineering

OceanogrAPhy, Chemical and Physical

Oncology and Cancer Biology

Operational OceanogrAPhy

Operations Research

Optics/Optical Sciences

Organic Chemistry

PackAging Science

Paleontology

PAPer Science and Engineering

Parasitology

Pathology/Experimental Pathology

Personality Psychology

Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum Technology/TechniCIAn

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutics and Drug Design

PharmacoEconomics/Pharmaceutical Economics

Pharmacology

Pharmacology and Toxicology

Pharmacology and Toxicology, Other

Photobiology

Physical Chemistry

Physical Science Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Physical Sciences

Physical Sciences, Other

Physics, General

Physics, Other

Physiological Psychology/Psychobiology

Physiology, General

Physiology, Pathology, and Related Sciences, Other

Planetary Astronomy and Science

Plant Genetics

Plant Molecular Biology

Plant Pathology/Phytopathology

Plant Physiology

Plant Protection and Integrated Pest Management

Plant Sciences, General

Plant Sciences, Other

Plasma and High-Temperature Physics

Plastics and Polymer Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Polymer Chemistry

Polymer/Plastics Engineering

Population Biology

Poultry Science

Pre-Engineering

Psychometrics and Quantitative Psychology

PsychoPharmacology

Quality Control and Safety Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Quality Control Technology/TechniCIAn

Radar Communications and Systems Technology

Radiation Biology/Radiobiology

Range Science and Management

Reproductive Biology

Research and Experimental Psychology, Other

Robotics Technology/TechniCIAn

Science Technologies/TechniCIAns, General

Science Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other

Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology

Signal/Geospatial Intelligence

Social Psychology

Soil Chemistry and Physics

Soil Microbiology

Soil Science and Agronomy, General

Soil Sciences, Other

Solar Energy Technology/TechniCIAn

Space Systems Operations

Statistics, General

Statistics, Other

Strategic Intelligence

Structural Biology

Structural Engineering

Surveying Engineering

Surveying Technology/Surveying

Sustainability Studies

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager

SysteMATic Biology/BioLogical SysteMATics

Systems Engineering

Systems Science and Theory

TeleCommunications Engineering

Telecommunications Technology/TechniCIAn

Textile Sciences and Engineering

Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

Theoretical Chemistry

Topology and FounDATions

Toxicology

Transportation and Highway Engineering

Undersea Warfare

Urban Forestry

Veterinary Anatomy

Veterinary Infectious Diseases

Veterinary Microbiology and Immunobiology

Veterinary Pathology and Pathobiology

Veterinary Physiology

Veterinary Preventive medicine Epidemiology and Public Health

Veterinary Toxicology and Pharmacology

Virology

Vision Science/PhysioLogical Optics

Water Quality and Wastewater Treatment Management and Recycling Technology/TechniCIAn

Water Resources Engineering

Water, Wetlands, and Marine Resources Management

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and InforMATion Resources Design

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster

Welding Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn

Wildlife Biology

Wildlife, Fish and Wildlands Science and Management

Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and PAPer Technology

Zoology/Animal Biology

Zoology/Animal Biology, Other

以上是美国官方认定的422个STEM专业,请大家按字母排列进行查询,一些新被认定的项目可能未被列入表中请谅解。

 

 

 
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